Mossadegh and the 1953 Coup in Iran
Over 400 International Testimonies

The Mossadegh Project      
[Updated November 7, 2014]


"In the middle of the Cold War, the United States played a role in the overthrow of a democratically elected Iranian government." - President Barack Obama - June 4, 2009


Written, Compiled and Edited by Arash Norouzi

Years in the making, The Mossadegh Project presents the most ambitious testimonial record ever assembled of the 1953 coup d'etat against the legitimate, peaceful, democratic government of Iran's popular Prime Minister, Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh.

You will hear from over 250 figures including world leaders, diplomats, foreign policy analysts, military personnel, authors, intellectuals, journalists, politicians, CIA officials, Pulitzer prize winners, Nobel Prize laureates, Academy Award winners, and many others.

The purpose of this archive is to permanently document public statements made pertaining to the 1953 coup in Iran. These testimonies have significant historical value, revealing international attitudes and perspectives, past and present, on a key event in Iranian, British and American history.

A definitive multimedia resource with text, audio and video, www.mohammadmossadegh.com/1953 will be regularly updated and categorized for quick reference. It's a reservoir of information that certain people don't want you to see, documenting one of the most significant, relevant, and yet little-known world events of the past 100 years.

Video:    Audio:    Noteworthy:



United States Presidents

  • Harry Truman
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Richard Nixon
  • Gerald Ford
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Bill Clinton
  • Barack Obama

  • U.S. Government Officials, Diplomats & Politicians

  • Jst. William O. Douglas
  • Hillary Clinton  
  • Dean Acheson
  • George McGhee
  • Henry A. Byroade
  • Fraser Wilkins
  • Ryan Crocker
  • William M. Rountree
  • Loy Henderson
  • Madeline Albright
  • Alan Greenspan
  • Newt Gingrich
  • Nicholas Burns
  • Henry Kissinger
  • Howard Dean
  • Hubert Humphrey
  • Dennis Ross
  • John Bolton
  • Bill Richardson
  • David Frum
  • Thomas R. Pickering
  • Ramsey Clark
  • Victor L. Tomseth
  • Peter W. Gailbraith
  • Joseph Limbert
  • Ari Fleischer
  • Gary Sick
  • Adlai Stevenson
  • Robert W. Komer
  • Henry Precht
  • James Dobbins
  • Daniel Ellsberg
  • Gov. Jesse Ventura
  • Goli Ameri
  • Larry Wilkerson
  • Scott McClellan
  • Flynt Leverett
  • Gov. Brian Schweitzer
  • Walter Mondale
  • Peter W. Gailbraith
  • James E. Akins
  • Mike Dukakis
  • Henry Kissinger
  • Newt Gingrich
  • Zbigniew Brzezinski

  • U.S. Congressmen

  • Ron Paul (R-TX)
  • Dennis Kucinich (D-OH)
  • Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA)
  • Jim Moran (D-VA)
  • Jim McDermott (D-WA)
  • Earl Blumenauer (D-OR)
  • Bernie Sanders (D-VT)
  • Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD)
  • Jim Wright (D-TX)
  • David Obey (D-WI)
  • Keith Ellison (D-MN)
  • Paul Findley (R-IL)
  • John Lindsay (D-NY)

  • U.S. Senators

  • John Kerry (D-MA)
  • Robert Byrd (D-WV)
  • Mike Gravel (D-AK)
  • George McGovern (D-SD)
  • Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME)
  • Richard Lugar (R-IN)
  • Ernest Gruening (D-AK)
  • Saxby Chambliss (R-GA)
  • Edmund S. Muskie
  • Gary Hart (D-CO)
  • John McCain (R-AZ)
  • Jay Rockefeller (D-NY)

  • CIA Director Allen Dulles Praised Operation Ajax Success in Secret Letter to Agent Donald Wilber
    CIA Director Allen Dulles Praises Operation Ajax As a "Major Victory"


    CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)

  • Allen Dulles
  • Kermit Roosevelt
  • Richard Cottam
  • Donald Wilber
  • Thomas Braden
  • John Waller
  • Tony Mendez
  • Jesse Leaf
  • William Casey
  • David Atlee Phillips
  • William J. Daugherty
  • Paul Pillar
  • Chalmers Johnson
  • Michael V. Hayden
  • Richard Helms
  • Stansfield Turner
  • Miles Copeland
  • Flynt Leverett
  • Vernon A. Walters
  • Philip Giraldi
  • Ray McGovern
  • William E. Colby
  • Robert Baer
  • Milton Bearden
  • Walter Beedle Smith
  • Robert Amory, Jr.

  • U.S. State Department

  • John Foster Dulles
  • Edmund S. Muskie
  • Warren Christopher
  • Loy Henderson
  • Henry A. Byroade
  • Fraser Wilkins
  • Richard N. Haas
  • Alan Eyre
  • John H. Stutesman, Jr.

  • United States Military

  • General H. Norman Schwarzkopf
  • Major General George C. Stewart
  • General Wesley Clark
  • General Robert Gard
  • General Michael Hayden
  • Lieutenant Colonel Karen Kwiatkowski
  • Colonel Lawrence Wilkerson
  • Colonel Ann Wright
  • Colonel Richard Klass
  • Colonel Chuck Scott
  • Scott Ritter
  • Franklin C. (Chuck) Spinney

  • American Hostages Held in Iran

  • Bruce Laingen
  • John W. Limbert
  • Barry Rosen
  • William J. Daugherty
  • Colonel Chuck Scott

  • American Journalists / Authors / Writers

  • Kennett Love
  • Stephen Kinzer
  • Walter Cronkite
  • Ted Koppel
  • James Risen
  • Roger Cohen
  • Carl Rowan
  • George Will
  • Bill Moyers
  • Marquis Childs
  • William F. Buckley
  • Rachel Maddow
  • John Perkins
  • Christiane Amanpour
  • Howard Fineman
  • Howard Zinn
  • I.F. Stone
  • Walter Lippmann
  • Percival Leroy Prattis
  • Matt Taibbi
  • Reza Sayah
  • Chris Hayes
  • Kingsley Martin
  • Kenneth Pollack
  • Fulton Lewis, Jr.
  • Naomi Klein
  • Fareed Zakaria
  • Barbara Slavin
  • Frank Sesno
  • Robert Scheer
  • Elaine Sciolino
  • Barry Rubin
  • Robert Dreyfuss
  • Charles Krauthammer
  • Michael Slackman
  • Amy Kellogg
  • Malcolm Byrne
  • Fred Halliday
  • Hugh Downs
  • Roxana Saberi
  • Reese Erlich
  • Daniel Yergin
  • Salman Rushdie
  • Charlie Rose
  • Roland S. Martin
  • Ollie Crawford
  • Bruce Morton
  • Walter Winchell
  • Dan de Luce
  • Mark Bowden
  • Ronald Kessler
  • Marvin Zonis
  • Russell Baker
  • Clifton Daniel
  • Hooman Majd
  • Davar Ardalan
  • Deepa Fernandes
  • Edgar Ansel Mowrer
  • Azadeh Moaveni
  • Mike Malloy
  • Tim Weiner
  • David Wise
  • Rudabeh Shahbazi
  • David Farber
  • Chalmers Johnson
  • Geraldine Brooks
  • Johann Hari
  • Tara Bahrampour
  • Steve Hayes
  • Andrew Bacevich
  • Paul Valleley
  • Anthony Shadid
  • Arthur James Siggins
  • Maria Antonietta Macciocchi
  • John Podhoretz
  • Laura Secor
  • Russell Mokhiber

  • Black Americans

  • Percival Leroy Prattis
  • Mayor Richard Gordon Hatcher
  • George S. Schuyler
  • Carl Rowan
  • Horace R. Cayton, Jr.
  • Rep. Keith Ellison
  • President Barack Obama
  • William Gardner Smith
  • Louis Farrakhan
  • Mumia Abu-Jamal
  • Donté Stallworth

  • American Professors

  • Noam Chomsky
  • Mark J. Gasiorowski
  • Fred Halliday
  • Fakhreddin Azimi
  • Stephen Zunes
  • Ward Churchill
  • Juan Cole
  • Nikkie Keddie
  • James A. Bill
  • Richard Nelson Frye
  • Chalmers Johnson
  • Kahled Fahmy
  • David Farber
  • Jo-Anne Hart
  • Marvin Zonis
  • Frank Sesno
  • Fouad Ajami
  • Alon Ben-Meir
  • Richard Shenkman

  • Foreign Policy Analysts

  • Joseph Cirincione
  • George Perkovich
  • Richard N. Haas
  • Paul Salem
  • Walter Russell Mead
  • Barry Rubin
  • Sheldon L. Richman
  • Ted Galen Carpenter
  • Gareth Porter

    Artists / Writers / Performers

  • Allen Ginsberg
  • Jon Stewart
  • John le Carré
  • Gore Vidal
  • Yasmin Ahmad
  • Coleman Barks
  • Henry Rollins
  • Ted Rall
  • John Fischetti
  • Herbert Block (Herblock)
  • Jesse Ventura
  • Budd Schulberg
  • Russell Baker
  • Jello Biafra
  • The Clash

    Hollywood

  • Ben Affleck
  • Bette Midler
  • Robert De Niro
  • Matt Damon
  • John Hurt
  • Sean Penn
  • Viggo Mortensen
  • Stephen Gaghan
  • Oliver Stone
  • Amanda Peet
  • Ben Kingsley
  • Jesse Ventura
  • Harry Shearer

  • Miscellaneous

  • Ralph Nader
  • Bertrand Russell
  • Anthony Bourdain
  • Rocky Anderson
  • Keith Olbermann
  • Lyndon Larouche
  • Howard Zinn
  • Ayn Rand
  • Louis Farrakhan
  • Jody Williams
  • Medea Benjamin
  • Mumia Abu-Jamal
  • Fulton Lewis, Jr.
  • Michael Moore
  • Cindy Sheehan
  • Jesse Ventura
  • David Icke
  • Donté Stallworth
  • Charles Barron
  • Rev. Jim Jones
  • Lord Conrad Black



  • British Government

  • Winston Churchill
  • Jack Straw
  • David Miliband
  • Tony Blair
  • Ken Livingstone
  • Jeremy Corbyn
  • Tony Benn
  • Phyllis Starkey
  • George Galloway
  • Sir Sam Falle
  • Sir Donald Logan
  • Sir Peter Ramsbotham
  • Sir George Middleton
  • Sir Eldon Griffiths
  • Lord David Owen
  • Lord Tarsem King
  • Sir Richard Dalton
  • Lord Douglas Hurd
  • Lord David Chidgey
  • Lord Norman Lamont
  • Baroness Shirley Wiliams

  • British Journalists

  • Christopher Hitchens
  • Christopher de Bellaigue
  • David Frost
  • Robert Fisk
  • Mark Curtis
  • John Pilger
  • Stephen Dorril
  • Tom Mangold
  • Tim Llewellyn
  • Alan Cowell
  • Jon Snow
  • Rageh Omaar

  • British Entertainers

  • Russell Brand
  • Rory Bremner
  • Robert Newman
  • Danny Wallace


  • Iranian Government

  • Hossein Fatemi
  • Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Abolhassan Banisadr
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomenei
  • Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
  • Mohammad Khatami
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • Manucher Farmanfarmaian
  • Asghar Parsa
  • Javad Zarif
  • Ebrahim Yazdi
  • Kazem Jalali
  • Nosratollah Khazeni
  • Rasoul Movahedian
  • Mehdi Karroubi
  • Ataollah Mohajerani
  • Abbas Amir Entezam
  • Ali Larijani
  • Sadeq Kharrazi
  • Saeed Jalili
  • Seyed Abbas Araghchi
  • Gholam Ali-Haddad Adel
  • Hossein Fardust
  • Mostafa Zahrani
  • Mansour Farhang
  • Ali Akbar Javanfekr

  • Iranian Figures

  • Iraj Pezeshkzad [IRAN/FRANCE]
  • Shirin Ebadi [IRAN]
  • Ebrahim Golestan [IRAN/ENGLAND]
  • Akbar Ganji [IRAN]
  • Nosratollah Amini [IRAN/USA]
  • Marjane Satrapi [IRAN/FRANCE]
  • Soraya Esfandiary [IRAN]
  • Omid Kordestani [USA/IRAN]
  • Col. Jalil Bozorgmehr
  • Reza Arham Sadr [IRAN]
  • Shirin Neshat [USA/IRAN]
  • Firoozeh Dumas [USA/IRAN]
  • Gholam-Hossein Mossadegh [IRAN]
  • Maryam Rajavi [IRAN/FRANCE]
  • Massoud Rajavi [IRAN/FRANCE]
  • Reza Pahlavi [USA/IRAN]
  • Ashraf Pahlavi [IRAN/FRANCE]
  • Maziar Bahari [UK/CANADA/IRAN]

  • Iranian Authors/Scholars/Analysts

  • Homa Katouzian [BRITAIN/IRAN]
  • Fakhreddin Azimi [USA/IRAN]
  • Farhad Diba [IRAN/SPAIN]
  • Ervand Abrahamian [USA/BRITAIN/IRAN]
  • Ray Takeyh [USA]
  • Vali Nasr [USA]
  • Afshin Molavi [USA]
  • Trita Parsi [USA/SWEDEN]
  • Abbas Amanat [USA]
  • Hooshang Amirahmadi [USA]
  • Karim Sadjapour [USA]
  • Dr. Hossein Askari [USA]
  • Azadeh Moaveni [USA/IRAN/ENGLAND]
  • Hooman Majd [USA/IRAN]
  • Abbas Milani [USA/IRAN]


  • International

  • Benazir Bhutto [PAKISTAN]
  • Hans Blix [SWEDEN]
  • Fidel Castro [CUBA]
  • Mohamed ElBaradei [EGYPT]
  • Hugo Chavez [VENEZUELA]
  • Hugh Llewellyn Keenleyside [CANADA]
  • Jaswant Singh [INDIA]
  • Cheddi Jagan [GUYANA]
  • Carl Bildt [SWEDEN]
  • Ahdaf Soueif [EGYPT/BRITAIN]
  • Arthur Kent [CANADA]
  • Yasmin Ahmad [MALAYSIA]
  • Zygmunt Bauman [POLAND]
  • Maria A. Ressa [PHILIPPINES]
  • Rómulo Betancourt [VENEZUELA]
  • Hjalmar Schacht [GERMANY]
  • Ryszard Kapuscinski [POLAND]
  • Azmi Bishara [ISRAEL/PALESTINE]
  • Tarek Fatah [CANADA/PAKISTAN]
  • Barrister Harun-ur Rashid [BANGLADESH]
  • Jamil M. Baroody [SAUDI ARABIA]
  • Mohamed Hassanein Heikal [EGYPT]
  • Ralph Ramkarran [GUYANA]
  • Efraim Halevy [ISRAEL]

  • Religious Leaders

  • Rabbi Michael Lerner
  • Rabbi Lynn Gottlieb
  • Rabbi Brant Rosen
  • Rabbi Arthur Waskow
  • Reverend Alan Jones
  • Sister Ellen Francis

  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

  • Jody Williams [1997]
  • Shirin Ebadi [2003]
  • Mohamed ElBaradei [2005]

  • THE FOLLY OF COUP-DENIAL | by Arash Norouzi
    THE FOLLY OF COUP-DENIAL | by Arash Norouzi






    Related links:

    Operation Ajax Was Always An Open Secret

    THE FOLLY OF COUP-DENIAL | by Arash Norouzi

    The CIA Scheme To Have the Shah ‘Dismiss’ Mossadegh — August 16, 1953



    MOSSADEGH t-shirts — “If I sit silently, I have sinned”

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