August 19, 1953 (28 Mordad 1332)
Ebrahim Norouzi & Arash Norouzi
On August 19, 1953, the most genuine democratic government in the history of Iran was overthrown through an Anglo-American coup called "Operation Ajax". The act against the nation had been plotted and put into action by the CIA, with a helping hand from Iranian co-conspirators.
Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, the revered democratically elected Prime Minister, was arrested, tried in the military court and convicted of treason. The 72 year-old Mossadegh endured three years of solitary confinement and was kept under house arrest for the rest of his life.
In 1960, during the Shah's dictatorial regime fully supported by the United States, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi published his book Mission for My Country. Tellingly, the Iranian audience went unconsidered, as it was published in English only. However, two of Tehran's main daily newspapers, Kayhan and Ettela'at, published a Persian translation in a serialized format.
In Mission For My Country, the Shah criticized Mossadegh at length. Mossadegh, who was writing his own memoirs, became aware of the Shah's accusations by reading the newspapers. Mossadegh's Memoirs was finally published in 1986, 19 years after his death.
In the third and final chapter of Memoirs, Mossadegh responds to each one of the accusations made by the Shah against him. In his characteristic polite manner, he titled the chapter "Reply to the remarks of his Majesty, the Shah-in-Shah".
The following is our translation of Mossadegh's first entry:
Shah in Mission For My Country:
Translation by Ebrahim Norouzi, MD. © 2009 The Mossadegh Project
The CIA Plan to 'Dismiss' Mossadegh — August 16, 1953
Mossadegh's Permanent Estrangement from the Shah
The U.S. and Shah Acted Illegally, Not Mossadegh
MOSSADEGH t-shirts - "If I sit silently, I have sinned"