Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh (1882-1967) was a lawyer, professor, author, Governor, Parliament member, Finance Minister, and democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran.

Mossadegh fought both internal corruption and British colonialism, enacted social reforms and nationalized the Iranian oil industry.

In 1953, he was overthrown by a British-American coup, arrested and tried as a traitor in military tribunal court. It was the CIA's first successful dismantling of a foreign government, and Iran has not known democracy since.

“There is no better way to govern Iran than democracy and social justice!” — Mohammad Mossadegh

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Mossadegh shirts

"It's a sad story that really began in the 1950's..."
- President Bill Clinton

"Why did we, our government, help overthrow Mossadegh in 1953? It had to do with oil. So our foreign policy is designed to protect our oil interests."
- Congressman Ron Paul

"Lord knows what we'd do without Iranian oil."
- President Dwight D. Eisenhower

"In the middle of the Cold War, the United States played a role in the overthrow of a democratically elected Iranian government."
- President Barack Obama

“Many of our covert moves [during the Cold War], such as the Bay of Pigs and the overthrow of Mossadeq in Iran, were ill conceived and cost us dearly.”
- Former U.S. diplomat George C. McGhee

"[T]hat was a disruption of what could have and should've been a natural development of democracy with Iran..."
- Secretary of State Hillary Clinton

"Iran had a democratic government which was overthrown because of oil."
- Congressman Dennis Kucinich

"Iran is a clear example of the West trumping basic democratic and human values to address its short-term political and economic goals."
- Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto

"That's ancient history..."
- President Jimmy Carter

A Tragic Continuum: 1953 Coup to 2009 Green Movement

Scotland: Edinburgh University Students Nominate Mossadegh (1951)
Edinburgh University Students Honor Mossadegh (1951)

Sacco and Vanzetti, electrocuted for double murder in 1927, cited re: Mossadegh's fate after trial
Sacco and Vanzetti Cited Re: Mossadegh’s Fate

Pulling the Strings: 1962 Memo Reveals U.S. Feared Shah’s Fall
1962 Memo Reveals U.S. Feared Shah’s Fall

Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin eyes Iran
"Will We Wish We’d Saved Iran From Stalin?" (Sept. 1951)

Filmmaker Ebrahim Golestan interviewed on 1953 coup
Ebrahim Golestan's Eyewitness Account of 1953 Coup

After OPERATION AJAX, CIA Commendations Planned for 1953 Coup in Iran
After AJAX, CIA Commendations Planned for 1953 Coup


Mossadegh the Actor
"Mossadegh the Actor" — A Theatrical Leader on the World Stage

CIA Director Allen Dulles Praised Operation Ajax Success in Secret Letter to Agent Donald Wilber
CIA Director Allen Dulles Praised TP-AJAX As a “Major Victory”

Operation Ajax Was Always An Open Secret | A Timeline
Operation Ajax Was Always An Open Secret | A Timeline

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Persian jewelry
Persian Jewelry, Pendants and Earrings

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