|The Mossadegh Project|
The actual birth
date of Dr. Mossadegh is the subject of some speculation. The most
common date cited in published materials is May 20, 1882 — the date
that Dr. Mossadegh himself believed to be true. May 19, 1882 also
appears in different writings. Yet our conclusion is that
Mossadegh was actually born nearly a month later.
In his handwritten note shown here, Mossadegh writes the Islamic Lunar Calendar date of 29 Rajab 1299 or May 20, 1882 and the Iranian Solar Calendar date of 29 Ordibehesht 1261 as his birth date. These numbers, however, do not correspond with today's digital calendar converters. In this case, the date for the Iranian and Gregorian calendars match, but not the date for the Islamic calendar.
In his book Mohammad Mossadegh: A Political Biography, Mossadegh's nephew Farhad Diba arrives at a more divergent date: 26 Khordad 1261 (June 16, 1882). Diba attributes the source of the discrepancy to the following:
Since 29 Rajab 1299 appears in both Mossadegh's note and Diba's discussion of the issue, one can determine that this is the correct date. The Islamic calendar was probably used more commonly in Iran during that period, and the date written in the Koran could have only been of this nature.
We conclude that by all accounts the correct date of birth for Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh is 29th of Rajab 1299 (Islamic Lunar Calendar) corresponding to 26 Khordad 1261 (Iranian Solar Calendar), or Friday June 16, 1882.
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Mossadegh's Final Hours as Prime Minister (interview)
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